Extract of the Gilchrist Wrightsons

Information sourced from the book written by W.G. Wrightson 

"Memorials of The Family of Wrightson"


The Ingrams of Temple Newsam, near Leeds in the county
of York, commence with a Sir Arthur Ingram, the son of a
wealthy London tradesman. As Cofferer of the King's House-
hold in 1615 he was regarded with much jealousy by some of
the courtiers, and soon after left London and settled in York-
shire. His great wealth enabled him to purchase many noble
estates, including the manor of Temple Newsam. He was
several times M.P. for the city of York,-a member of the
Council of the North,-and High Sheriff of the county in 1620.
His eldest brother, Sir William, was Secretary to the Council of
the North, and left many grandchildren, of whom one, William,
was born about 1622.There was also a younger brother, who had a son John
living in 1623.It is most convenient to speak of the three surviving sons of
this first Sir Arthur Ingram in an order the reverse of their seniority.
The third son of Sir Arthur was Sir Thomas Ingram of
Sheriff-Hutton,-M.P. for Thirsk 1640-5,-a Privy Councillor
to King Charles II.,-and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster .
Through his wife, who was a daughter of the 1st Lord Faucon-
berg (formerly Sir Thomas Bellasis), he had many interesting
connections, for she was sister-in-Iaw to the famous (beheaded) ;
Royalist, Sir Henry Slingsby,-was second cousin to Sir Thomas l
Fairfax of Nunappleton (3rd Lord Fairfax in 16+8), the Com- I
mander-in-Chief of the victorious army of the Parliament,-
and, through the marriage of her nephew, the 2nd Lord Fauconberg,

208 Appendices .

 with Mary Cromwell, she was aunt to the daughter
of the Lord Protector .
The second son of Sir Arthur was John Ingram, whose
second wife was Dorothy, a daughter of Sir Thomas Fairfax of
Gilling Castle (1st Viscount Fairfax of Emley in 1628).
The eldest son and heir of Sir Arthur was, like himself,
known as Sir Arthur Ingram of Temple Newsam, and was
also a High Sheriff of Yorkshire in 1630. His first wife was
Eleanor, a sister of the before mentioned Sir Henry Slingsby;
and his second was Katharine Fairfax, a sister of his brother
John's wife. He was one of the most devoted Royalists t~ be
found in Yorkshire during the great Civil War .His beautiful
town house in York stood in the middle of the lawn, which
now covers the north portion of the Minster Yard, his garden
extending to the city walls. It was in this house that, on the
19th of March 1642, he received the ill-advised Charles I., just
before the commencement of the war. For a few months this
house was the home of the King; and it was from here that he
set out, not only on his abortive attempt to seize the arms at
Hull, but also finally in August to set up the Royal Standard at
Nottingham. Sir Arthur did not long survive the execution of
his Royal Master; but the favour of Charles II. was bestowed
on his son (also an energetic Royalist), who in 1661 was raised
to the Peerage as Lord Ingram, Viscount Irwin.
The Ingrams of Glasgow, my Grandmother's ancestors,
were no doubt an offshoot of this family. She herself always
asserted her relationship to the Lords Irwin; and one of the
leading Scotch heralds, whom I once chanced to meet at a
dinner table, told me that he had had occasion to look into the
Ingram descents, and that the Ingrams of Glasgow and of
Temple Newsam were of the same stock. He went into no
particulars; but the former may very well have descended from
one of the previously mentioned first cousins of Sir Arthur
Ingram, the father of Lord Irwin.
According to my grandmother's account, the Ingram, from

Appendices. 209
whom she descended, accompanied Oliver Cromwell into Scot-
land in 1650. He was wounded or seized by sickness there,
and never returned to England. He married a Miss Bruce of
Woodhouse in the west of Scotland, who was of the Bruces of
Clackmannan,-the then eldest surviving branch of the great
family to which the Royal Bruce belonged. During the last
century Henry Bruce of Clackmannan was the acknowledged
Chief of the whole family; and on his death in 1772 without
issue, the main line of the family became extinct. His widow
was the well-known and venerable Mrs. Catherine Bruce (nee
Bruce) of Clackmannan Tower, who entertained Robert Burns,
and delighted him, as much with her Jacobitism, as with the
sight of the helmet and two-handed sword used by King Robert
on the field of Bannockburn. Since the death of this Mrs.
Bruce in 1791, the ancient Tower has fallen into decay; but
the interesting relics of the hero-king have passed into the
keeping of the Earl of Elgin, who is now the head of the family
of Bruce. The Bruces did not forget their connection with
the Ingrams of Glasgow; and, when my grandmother was a
little girl, she was taken by her mother and aunt Simpson to
visit Mrs. Bruce at Clackmannan Tower. In the same sort of
way in which the old lady afterwards spoke to Lord Elgin, she
spoke to my grandmother ,-asked if her mother or aunt had
told her how the Royal blood of Bruce was in her veins, and
charged her never to condescend to anything mean or deceitful.
James Ingram, who sprang from this marriage with Miss
Bruce, stands at the head of a short pedigree entered in 1772,
by his great-grandson, at the College of Arms in London. In
it he is described, as " of Carluke in the shire of Lanark," and
as dying " soon after the Battle of Bothwell Bridge, which was
in June 1679." This agrees wonderfully well with the story
told by my grandmother; for she described this her ancestor as
a Covenanter, who became involved in the Insurrection crushed
at that Battle. Indeed, the details of the story she told, present
so many features common with those seen in the hero of Scott's
Old Mortality, that I am disposed to think the novelist had at

210 Appendices.
least some portions of the story of James Ingram before his
mind, while sketching the outline ofhis " Henry Morton." Like
Henry Morton, this my great-great-great-great-grandfather was
the son of an old Puritan officer,-he also was somehow con-
cerned with Bothwell Brigg,-he also had a very narrow escape,
-and he also (if I remember aright) fled for a short time to
the Continent. He is however said to have been greatly im-
poverished through the confiscations carried out by the savage
Dalzell. The idea that James Ingram was to some extent the
prototype of " Henry Morton " agrees with the topography of
the novel; for Carluke is ten miles from Bothwell Bridge, and
just three miles from that Craignethan Castle, which once be-
longed to the great Evandale branch of the House of Hamilton,
and which is stated by Lockhart to have been the original
of " Tillietudlem,"-adding the information that Old Mortality
was the first story in which Scott tried to adhere to actual cir-
cumstances so far as they suited his dramatic conceptions. Scott
may well have heard the story of my grandmother's ancestor
from his friend Campbell the poet, who was a near connection
of the Ingrams of Glasgow. Old Mortality was published in
1819; but it was in 1800 that Scott became intimate with
Campbell, only a few months after his explorations in and
around Craignethan, and while he was still full of interest as
to the locality (see Lockhart's Lift of Scott, chapters ix, x).
Archibald Ingram, one of the five grandchildren of this old
Covenanter (through his son John, also of Carluke), is said to
have been born in 1701. He became a very great merchant in
Glasgow, and amply redeemed the misfortunes of his grand.
father. So highly was he esteemed among his fellow-citizens,
that twice, if not thrice, he was elected to the dignity of Lord
Provost of that city,-a bronze life-sized statue was ereCted to
his memory,-and a handsome street near the centre of the
city still perpetuates his name. His great wealth enabled him
to give full scope to his benevolence. The most striking incident,
preserved among the traditions of his family, may be told in a
few words. A descendant of his grandfather's greatest perse-

Appendices. 21 I
cutor,-l presume one of the Dalzells, whose peerage was for-
feited in 1715,-had sunk into desperate want. Knowing Mr.
Ingram's character, she, as a last hope, sent to tell him of her
state. He found her in a wretched garret, with some relics of
old finery about her; and was glad to give the assistance she
required. Provost lngram was twice married to ladies, who
sooner or later connected him with interesting or distinguished
persons. His first wife was Miss Janet Simpson, whose sister
Mrs. Campbell was grandmother to the poet. His second wife
was Rebecca, sister to Henry Glasford of Duggleston, through
whom he became connea:ed with Sir James Nesbit of the Dean
and the Earl of Cromarty. Of his children I need only mention
three, viz., John, Anne, and Agnes.
John lngram, the eldest son of the Provost by his first wife,
was born in Glasgow 1728. He become a merchant; and, in
the Ingram pedigree, which he entered at the College of Arms,
he describes himself as " of St. Magnus, London." Of his
seven children, Jane, or Jannet, was married to a leading
London merchant called Joseph Travers, whose name still
stands at the head of one of the best known city firms.
Anne lngram, the youngest daughter of the Provost by his &i~ second wife, married William Simpson of Parson's Green near (~f1;
Edinburgh, a Director of the Bank of Scotland, and a very :;~:
wealthy man. It was she who took my grandmother to Clackmannan Tower, and it was at her house that my orphan grand- ~~f;'
mother was married. Mr. and Mrs. Simpson's money all went
to his nephew William Mitchell, who, on the death of Miss
Innes of Stow, succeeded to the additional enormous fortune of
1,500,000; after which, in 1840, he assumed by Royal
licence the name of Mitchell-Innes of Ayton and Whitehall.
Agnes lngram, the third daughter of the Provost by his first
wife, married Archibald Gilchrist of Dalserf, who was the pro-
vost's own nephew through his sister Mary. Archibald and
Agnes were therefore first cousins; and, though Gilchrist in
name, their numerous children were three-fourths lngram in
blood. Among these children was my grandmother, Rebecca

212 Appendices.
Gilchrist. She was born 13 April 1768 at Mountain Hall,
Inverisk, Mid Lothian ; married in Edinburgh, 26 June 1798,
to William Potter, at that time of Whickham near Gateshead ;
and died at Newcastle upon Tyne II March 1855, aged 86.
Her father's name is recorded both in the above mentioned
Ingram pedigree and also in the Baptismal Register of her
daughter, my mother, so that the proof of the connction with
the Ingrams is preserved.
The family of Ingram, so far as I know, ended with Charles,
the 9th Viscount Irwin; one of whose daughters, Isabella Ann,
was married in 1776 to Francis, 2nd Marquis of Hertford ;
and another, Elizabeth, to Hugo Meynell, Esq., ancestor of the
present owner of Temple Newsam.

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